Publication Details

Title : Updates for Battery Recycling and Materials in GREET 2019
Publication Date : October 01, 2019
Authors : Q. Dai, O. Winjobi
Abstract : This memo documents updates in GREET 2019 for (1) four pathways to recycle lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) at the cell level, including a pyrometallurgical recycling pathway, a hydrometallurgical recycling pathway based on inorganic leaching, a hydrometallurgical recycling pathway based on organic leaching, and a direct recycling pathway; (2) material requirements for the production of battery-grade nickel sulfate; (3) life cycle inventory (LCI) for the production of lithium hydroxide; and (4) water consumption for limestone mining.

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