Publication DetailsTitle : Estimated displaced products and ratios of distillers co-products from corn ethanol plants and the implications of lifecycle analysis
Publication Date : November 01, 2010
Publication Journal : http://www.future-science.com/doi/pdf/10.4155/bfs.10.60
Authors : Salil Arora, May Wu, Michael Wang
Abstract : Displacement of conventional animal feed components - corn, soybean meal and urea - by distillers coproducts has been revisited. We developed the distillers co-products displacement ratios at different levels: the feedlot level, the US market level and the composite US and export market level, in order to provide a relevant estimate for ethanol plant operators, stakeholders and decision makers. As expected, corn is still the single largest component in the conventional beef cattle diet to be displaced by distillers’ co-products, followed by soybean meal. On average, 1 kg of wet distillers grains could displace 1.313 kg of corn and urea together, when it is used as a substitute in the diet of beef cattle; for distillers dried grain with solubles, 1.271 kg of corn and urea can be displaced per kg of distillers dried grain with solubles fed to beef cattle. Uncertainties about the consistency of reported data, export market and emerging new co-products are discussed. In addition, the use of distillers co-products as an animal feed may have an indirect impact on the lifecycle assessment of corn ethanol.