Publication Details

Title : Railroad Energy Intensity and Criteria Air Pollutant Emissions
Publication Date : October 31, 2018
Authors : A. Elgowainy, A. Vyas, M. Biruduganti, M. Shurland
Abstract : From June 30, 2014, to March 20, 2016, the Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) was contracted by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) to update Argonne’s Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET®) model to include a rail module. Argonne was also tasked to use that module to evaluate the life-cycle cost of using of compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas or dimethyl ether as possible alternative locomotive fuels from an energy and emissions perspective. The study fully evaluated energy and emission impacts of advanced vehicle technologies, including new transportation fuels, the fuel cycle from wells to wheels, and the vehicle cycle through material recovery and vehicle disposal. With sponsorship from the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Argonne developed GREET® in 1996 as a full life-cycle model that allowed researchers and analysts to evaluate various vehicle and fuel combinations on a full fuel-cycle/vehicle-cycle basis.

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