Publication Details

Title : Update of bill-of-materials and cathode materials production for lithium-ion batteries in the GREET® model
Publication Date : October 31, 2018
Authors : Q. Dai, J. Kelly, J. Dunn, P. Benavides
Abstract : This memo documents updates in the GREET model for 1) bill-of-materials (BOMs) of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) for electric vehicles (EVs), including hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs), and battery electric vehicles (BEVs); 2) life cycle inventory (LCI) for the production of LIB cathode materials, including lithium cobalt oxide (LCO), lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide (NMC), and lithium nickel cobalt aluminum oxide (NCA). The BOM update was based on the most recent version of Argonne’s Battery Performance and Cost (BatPaC) model. The cathode LCI update was based on our site visit to one leading cathode material producer, literature, and industry reports. These updates therefore represent current material compositions of LIB for transportation applications and the state-of-the-art of industrial production of LIB cathode materials, and are incorporated into GREET 2018.

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